A short flight from Calcutta by air (it is also
connected by flights from Delhi and Madras) is Port
Blair, capital of the Andaman Islands.
Though travel is restricted here, those islands
open to tourism, with their lovely beaches and
coral beds, are a traveller’s delight. On
Port Blair, the Cellular Jail and Anthropological
Museum merit a visit. Excursions can be taken
by motor launch to the islands of Wandoor and
Jolly Buoy and to the bird sanctuary at Chiriyatapoo.
The Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands
consisting of about 293 islands (39 of which are
inhabited) is situated in the Bay of Bengal. Andaman
roup of islands consists of North Andaman, Middle
Andaman. South Andaman and Little Andaman besides
many smaller islands.Nicobar group of islands
comprises Great Nicobar, Car Nicobar, Nancowry,
Katchal and Chowra. The headquarters of this Union
Territory is at Port Blair, situated in South
Andaman Island.The topography of the islands is
hilly & they abound in evergreen forests.Timber
is plentiful and of a vast variety. The white
sandy beaches have a back drop of luxuriant greenery
& in the clear blue waters of the lagoons
enclosed by coral reefs is an underwater world
full of fish of every possible variety.
Area : 8248 sq.kms. (Andaman- 6408, Nicober-
Altitude : Varies from sea-level to 732 metres.(Highest
Point- Saddle Peak).
Temperature : Mean minimum 23 deg C, Mean maximum
30 deg C.
Rainfall : 3000 mms (May to Mid-September &
November to January).
Relative Humidity: 70% to 90%.
Forest cover : 86%.
Best Season : October to April.
Clothings : Cottons throughout the year.
Languages Spoken : Nicobari, Bengali, Tamil, Telegu,
Malayalam, Hindi, English.
ISD Code : +91-3192 (STD 03192).
Foreigners : Foreign tourists need a special
permit to visit the Andaman Islands. This can
be obtained from Indian Missions abroad or the
immigration authorities in Bombay, Calcutta, Delhi,
Madras or on arrival at Port Blair Airport. It
can also be obtained from The Director, Ministry
of Home Affairs (ANL Division), Government of
India, 2nd Floor, North Block, New Delhi- 110
001, through Indian Missions at least 3 months
in advance. Foreign Nationals are not allowed
to visit Nicobar Islands.
This permit is valid for Port Blair Municipal
Area; Havelock Islands; Long; Neil Islands; Mayabunder;
Diglipur; Rangat for a period of one month where
night halt is permitted. However only a day's
visit is allowed to places like Jolly Buoy; South
Cinque; Red Skin; Moun Hariet and Madhuban.
Indians: Indian nationals need no special permits
to visit Andamans. However, permits are required
to visit Nicobar islands, issued by The Deputy
Commissioner, Andamans at Port Blair.
TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION
Air : Port Blair is connected by Indian Airlines
with Madras, Calcutta and Car Nicobar. East-West
Airlines operate flights on Madras-Port Blair
route on tuesday, thursday and saturday.
Sea : Regular passenger ship services viz. M.V.Harshavardhana,
M.V.Akbar and M.V.Nicobar are plying between Port
Blair and Madras (1190 km), Calcutta (1255 kms),
Vizag (1200 kms). One more passenger vessel M.V.Nancowry
is likely to be inducted soon on this run. There
are 2 sailings in a month each from Calcutta and
Madras to Port Blair & vice versa. There is
one sailing from Vishakhapatnam every 3 months.
The voyage takes about 3 / 4 days and the ships
normally berth at Port Blair for three days.
The Bastille of India Where India's freedom fighters
Anthropological Museum; Marine Museum; Cottage
Industries Museum; Mini Zoo; Chatham Saw Mill; Corbyn's Cove Beach; Marine Park, Viper Island,
Sippighat water Sports Complex.